Henrik Andreasson, Martin Magnusson and Achim J. Lilienthal
Has Something Changed Here? Autonomous Difference Detection for Security Patrol Robots
Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. On Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS), 2007, pp. 3429-3435
Abstract: This paper presents a system for autonomous change detection with a security patrol robot. In an initial step a reference model of the environment is created and changes are then detected with respect to the reference model as differences in coloured 3D point clouds, which are obtained from a 3D laser range scanner and a CCD camera. The suggested approach introduces several novel aspects, including a registration method that utilizes local visual features to determine point correspondences (thus essentially working without an initial pose estimate) and the 3D-NDT representation with adaptive cell size to efficiently represent both the spatial and colour aspects of the reference model. Apart from a detailed description of the individual parts of the difference detection system, a qualitative experimental evaluation in an indoor lab environment is presented, which demonstrates that the suggested system is able register and detect changes in spatial 3D data and also to detect changes that occur in colour space and are not observable using range values only.
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  AUTHOR = {Andreasson, Henrik and Magnusson, Martin and Lilienthal, Achim J.},
  TITLE = {Has Something Changed Here? Autonomous Difference Detection for Security Patrol Robots},
  BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)},
  YEAR = {2007},
  DATE = {October 29 -- November 2},
  ADRESS = {San Diego, USA},
  PAGES = {3429--3435}